Cockroaches have been around for more than 300 million years. Their ancient fossils that have been discovered look exactly the same as today’s. There are over 3,500 different kinds of these pests, most of which live in the tropics. The few that don’t are known as urban cockroaches. Except for size, all cockroaches look the same and are similarly shaped. Knowing all elements of a cockroach is crucial for the management of them. It is important to call a pest professional if you find them in your home, as they can spread germs and diseases very easily. This includes such human pathogens as Salmonella and E. Coli. They like to live in moist places, especially in the kitchen and bathroom, and will eat just about anything, which includes plants and other insects. In large numbers, cockroaches will secrete a substance that produces an odor and stains the surfaces that they come in contact with.
Sanitation is the most effective measure a home owner can practice to prevent cockroach infestations. Existing infestations can be minimized as well with the same practices. This includes:
- Put dog food and water bowls away at night.
- Remove all dishes once they have been used. Do not let them sit out for extended periods of time.
- Do not leave food out over extended periods of time.
- Repair any water pipes or faucets that are leaking.
- If condensation is an issue, increase the ventilation to the area.
- Use caulk to seal any cracks and crevices where electrical wiring and plumbing lines are going through walls.
Even after following all of the above measures, insecticides are typically required to remove a cockroach infestation. Combining the sanitation and insecticides is a very effective extermination method.